Howard the Duck

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Howard the Duck
HowardTheDuck-1.jpg
Howard the Duck #1 (Jan. 1976), with
series co-star Beverly Switzler in background.
Cover art by Frank Brunner.
Publication information
PublisherMarvel Comics
First appearanceAdventure into Fear #19 (Dec. 1973)
Created bySteve Gerber (writer)
Val Mayerik (artist)
In-story information
Alter egoHoward Duckson
SpeciesAnthropomorphic duck
Place of originDuckworld
Team affiliationsCircus of Crime
Defenders
All-Night Party
Daydreamers
A.R.M.O.R.
Fearsome Four
Ducky Dozen
PartnershipsMan-Thing
Beverly Switzler
Notable aliasesSon of Satan, Leonard the Duck, Howard the Human, Iron Duck, Agent Duck, Cynical Duck
AbilitiesMaster of Quack-Fu
Minimal magic manipulation
As Iron Duck:
Armored suit grants:
Superhuman strength and durability
Foot-mounted leaping coils
Chest-mounted searchlight
Flamethrowers in both arms

Howard the Duck is a fictional character appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. The character was created by writer Steve Gerber and artist Val Mayerik. Howard the Duck first appeared in Adventure into Fear #19 (cover-dated Dec. 1973) and several subsequent series have chronicled the misadventures of the ill-tempered, anthropomorphic "funny animal" trapped on a human-dominated Earth. Echoing this, the most common tagline of his comics reads 'Trapped In a World He Never Made!'

Howard's adventures are generally social satires, while a few are parodies of genre fiction with a metafictional awareness of the medium. The book is existentialist, and its main joke, according to Gerber, is that there is no joke: "... that life's most serious moments and most incredibly dumb moments are often distinguishable only by a momentary point of view."[1] This is diametrically opposed to screenwriter Gloria Katz, who, in adapting the comic to the screen, declared, "It's a film about a duck from outer space ... It's not supposed to be an existential experience".[2]

Howard the Duck was portrayed by Ed Gale and voiced by Chip Zien in the 1986 Howard the Duck film adaptation, and was later voiced by Seth Green in the films Guardians of the Galaxy and Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2, both set in the Marvel Cinematic Universe. The character also makes a nonspeaking cameo appearance in Avengers: Endgame.

Publication history[edit]

Howard the Duck's first appearance in Adventure into Fear #19 (Dec. 1973). Art by penciler Val Mayerik and inker Sal Trapani.

Howard the Duck was created by writer Steve Gerber and penciler Val Mayerik in Adventure into Fear #19 (Dec. 1973) as a secondary character in that comic's "Man-Thing" feature.[3][4] He graduated to his own backup feature in Giant-Size Man-Thing #4–5 (May and Aug. 1975), confronting such bizarre horror-parody characters as Garko the Man-Frog and Bessie the Hellcow, before acquiring his own comic book title with Howard the Duck #1 in 1976.[3][5]

Gerber wrote 27 issues of the series (for the most part ditching the horror parodies), illustrated by a variety of artists, beginning with Frank Brunner. For Gerber, Howard was a flesh and blood duck and that, "If Wile E. Coyote gets run over by a steamroller, the result is a pancake-flat coyote who can be expected to snap back to three dimensions within moments; if Howard gets run over by a steamroller, the result is blood on asphalt."[1] Gene Colan became the regular penciller with issue #4.[3] Gerber later said to Colan: "There really was almost a telepathic connection there. I would see something in my mind, and that is what you would draw! I've never had that experience with another artist before or since."[6]

Sporting the slogan "Get Down, America!", the All-Night Party was a fictional political party that appeared in Gerber's Howard the Duck series during the U.S. Presidential campaign of 1976,[7] and led to Howard the Duck receiving thousands of write-in votes in the actual election.[8] Gerber addressed questions about the campaign in the letters column of the comic book and, as Mad Genius Associates, sold merchandise publicizing the campaign.

Marvel attempted a spin-off with a short-lived Howard the Duck newspaper comic strip from 1977 to 1978, at first written by Gerber and drawn by Colan and Mayerik,[9] later written by Marv Wolfman and drawn by Alan Kupperberg.[10]

Gerber gained a degree of creative autonomy when he became the comic series' editor in addition to his usual writing duties. With issue #16, unable to meet the deadline for his regular script, Gerber substituted an entire issue of text pieces and illustrations satirizing his own difficulties as a writer.[11]

The Walt Disney Company contacted Marvel in 1977 over concerns that the visual design of Howard infringed on their trademark for Donald Duck. Marvel agreed to a redesign of the character by Disney artists. A key feature of the redesign was that the character would wear pants.[12]

In 1978, Gerber was removed from the newspaper strip and the comic-book series due to chronic problems with deadlines.[13] His final issue of the comic-book series was #27 (September 1978). The series continued for four more issues with stories by Marv Wolfman, Mary Skrenes, Mark Evanier, and Bill Mantlo.

The final episode of the newspaper strip was published on October 29, 1978. Issue #31 (May 1979) of the comic-book series announced on its letters page that it would be the final issue of Howard the Duck as a color comic. Marvel then relaunched the series that year as a bimonthly magazine, with scripts by Mantlo, art by Colan and Michael Golden and unrelated backup features by others. The magazine was canceled after nine issues.

On August 29, 1980, after learning of Marvel's efforts to license Howard for use in film and broadcast media, Steve Gerber filed a copyright infringement lawsuit against Marvel corporate parent Cadence Industries and other parties, alleging that he was the sole owner of the character.[14][15] This was one of the first highly publicized creator's rights cases in American comics, and attracted support from major industry figures, some of whom created homage/parody stories with Gerber to fund a lawsuit against Marvel; these included Destroyer Duck with Jack Kirby.[16] The lawsuit was settled on September 24, 1982, with Gerber acknowledging that his work on the character was done as work-for-hire and that Marvel parent Cadence Industries owned "all right, title and interest" to Howard the Duck and the Howard material he had produced. On November 5, 1982, Judge David Kenyon approved the motion and dismissed the case.[14][15][16]

The only new story featuring the character between 1981 and 1986 appeared in Bizarre Adventures #34 (1983) Scripted by Steven Grant, it featured a suicidal Howard being put through a parody of It's a Wonderful Life.

The original comic book series reappeared with issue #32 (January 1986). It featured a story that had been written by Grant four years earlier.[16] Steve Gerber had submitted a script for the issue, but withdrew after it had been revised to conform to editorial guidelines.[14][15] Issue #33 (October 1986), scripted by Christopher Stager, featured a parody of the film Bride of Frankenstein. Howard co-creator Val Mayerik co-plotted the story and provided the art. It was released alongside an adaptation of the Howard the Duck feature film, which was published in Marvel Super Special #41 (November 1986) and a three-issue comic-book series.

Gerber returned to Howard in 1989 in The Sensational She-Hulk #14–17. The character was again living with Beverly Switzler, now working as a rent-a-ninja. How they got back together was never explained. Beverly was not involved in the story in which She-Hulk takes Howard on a trip through several dimensions with a theoretical physicist from Empire State University.

Gerber's next story featuring Howard appeared in Spider-Man Team-Up #5 (December 1996), around the same time he was writing a "Savage Dragon/Destroyer Duck" crossover for Image. He had the idea to create an unofficial crossover between the two issues, where the characters would meet momentarily in the shadows, but which would not affect either story. Soon after, Gerber discovered that Howard was scheduled to appear in Ghost Rider vol. 3, #81 (Jan. 1997) alongside Devil Dinosaur and Moon Boy, and issues of Generation X, as well as the three issue Daydreamers miniseries by J.M. DeMatteis. Gerber was not pleased with this development, and changed the "unofficial crossover" somewhat.[17]

In Spider-Man Team-Up #5, Spider-Man, Beverly and Howard meet the Elf with a Gun and two shadowy figures (presumed to be Savage Dragon and Destroyer Duck) in a darkened warehouse, grab a disc, then leave shortly afterwards. But in the Savage Dragon/Destroyer Duck crossover comic, Elf with a Gun creates thousands of clones of Howard and Beverly during a fierce battle. As Savage Dragon and Destroyer Duck escape the warehouse, they reveal that they rescued the "real" Howard and Beverly, while Spider-Man left with two of the clones. Howard has his feathers dyed green, and is renamed "Leonard the Duck", and Beverly has her hair dyed black and is renamed "Rhonda Martini". They made just one more appearance afterward, in a single-panel cameo in Vertigo Winter's Edge #2. Gerber considered "Leonard" to be the real Howard and Marvel's Howard an empty shell.[citation needed]

In 2001, when Marvel launched its MAX imprint of "mature readers" comics, Gerber returned to write a six-issue Howard the Duck miniseries illustrated by Phil Winslade and Glenn Fabry. Featuring several familiar Howard the Duck characters, the series, like the original one, parodied a wide range of other comics and pop culture figures, but with considerably stronger language and sexual content than what would have been allowable 25 years earlier. The series has Doctor Bong causing Howard to go through multiple changes of form, principally into a mouse (as a parody of Mickey Mouse, in retaliation for the Disney-mandated redesign), and entering a chain of events parodying comics such as Witchblade, Preacher and several others, with Howard ultimately having a conversation with God in Hell.

Howard had cameo appearances in She-Hulk (vol. 2) #9 in February 2005 and in She-Hulk vol. 3 #3/#100 in February 2006 (issue #3 was also the numbered as the 100th total issue of all the various She-Hulk series). In 2007, he returned in Howard the Duck vol. 4 #1-4, a miniseries by writer Ty Templeton and artist Juan Bobillo. This series was rated for ages 9 and up, though one issue was published with a Marvel Zombies tie-in cover with a parental advisory claim.

In November 2014, Marvel announced an ongoing series starting in March 2015 featuring Howard as a private investigator on Earth. The creative team will be writer Chip Zdarsky and artist Joe Quinones.[18]

Fictional character biography[edit]

Howard's first appearance in comics is when he is abruptly abducted from his home planet by an unseen force and randomly dropped into the Florida Everglades by the demon-lord Thog the Nether-Spawn. He meets the Man-Thing, who had been attacked by Korrek of Katharta, and the three of them are confronted by warriors of the Congress of Realities.[19] He then meets Dakimh the Enchanter and Dakimh banishes the warriors and transports Howard, Man-Thing, and Korrek to his castle, where they are joined by Jennifer Kale. They then travel to the realm of Therea and destroy Thog the Nether-Spawn. Howard then accidentally falls off the inter-dimensional stepping stones that the group were traveling on[20] and materializes in Cleveland, Ohio, where he battles Garko the Man-Frog.[21] Howard is arrested at this time for disturbing the peace and is mistaken for a mutant during a strip search, but is released because the police fear he has mutant abilities. Howard also briefly encounters and kills a vampiric cow named Bessie the Hellcow.[22]

Howard makes friends with an artists' model named Beverly Switzler and a bizarre series of encounters follow. He battles Pro-Rata, the cosmic accountant, then meets Spider-Man at the end of the battle.[23][24] He battles Turnip-Man and the Kidney Lady,[25] who would become a semi-recurring character over the years,[citation needed] then learns the fictional martial art of "Quack-Fu".[26] Howard then encounters the Winky Man, who is actually the sleepwalking alter-ego of Beverly's artist friend, Paul Same,[27] who would become a series regular and later become the pair's roommate.[citation needed] Howard also briefly becomes a wrestler.[28]

Howard and Beverly hit the road, seeking shelter in a gothic mansion where they battle a girl named Patsy and her giant, animated-to-life gingerbread man.[29][30] They eventually end up in New York City, where Howard is nominated for President of the United States by the All-Night Party[30] and he later battles the Band of the Bland, alongside the Defenders.[31] A doctored-photo scandal leads him to Canada where he defeats a supervillain, the Beaver, who caused the scandal. The Beaver falls to his death in a battle with Howard.[32] Howard then suffers a nervous breakdown and flees Bev and their situation on a bus. Unfortunately, the bus' passengers are all believers in various weird cults, and try to interest Howard in them. His seatmates are Winda Wester and the Kidney Lady, a woman who believes that the soul of a person lives in their kidneys and attempts to stop anything she sees as "anti-kidney health." After the bus crashes, Howard and Winda are sent to a mental institution. There he meets Daimon Hellstrom, and is briefly possessed by Hellstrom's demonic soul, becoming the new Son of Satan.[33] Beverly and Paul manage to get them both back to Cleveland. Later, while on the S. S. Damned, a cruise ship returning from scenic Bagmom, Howard and Beverly are taken captive by Lester Verde. Verde had known Beverly in college and had a crush on her and had assumed the identity of the supervillain Doctor Bong,[34] who illegally marries Beverly against her will and transforms Howard into a human.[35][36]

After escaping back to New York and being restored to his natural form, Howard is hired as a dishwasher by Beverly's uncle, Lee Switzer. Howard is later reunited with Dakihm the Enchanter, the Man-Thing, Korrek and Jennifer Kale, and they all battle the demon Bzzk'Joh. Korrek pilots the ship the Epoch Weasel and drops Howard back off at Cleveland before he and their allies fly away.[37][38] Howard finally meets up with the cruise ship that rescued Paul and Winda from Doctor Bong, and finds that Paul and Winda have befriended socialite Iris Raritan.

Howard is later kidnapped by the Ringmaster and his Circus of Crime. Winda is abandoned by Paul and Iris and Paul is shot and left in a coma.[39][40] After defeating the Circus of Crime, Howard is plagued by pessimistic dreams and goes his way alone, just as he had at the series' beginning.[41]

Writer Bill Mantlo, beginning with issue #30, returned the series to its former status quo, bringing Beverly back into the picture and having her divorce Doctor Bong. Howard's creator Steve Gerber, who left the series after issue #27, originally intended for Beverly and Bong's marriage to be lasting and for Beverly to be written out of the series from that point on. Howard and Beverly's friend Paul, who had ended up in a coma after he had previously been shot by the Ringmaster, awakens from his coma and is released from the hospital. Beverly's uncle Lee brings everyone back to Cleveland and employs Howard as a cab driver, while Paul, back to being a somnambulist after his release from the hospital, becomes Winda's boyfriend. Howard dons a suit of "Iron Duck" armor made by Claude Starkowitz, a man who has delusions of being related to Tony Stark and dreams of being the personal armorer to Iron Man, and battles Doctor Bong in the final issue of the original 70s Howard the Duck series (issue #31).[42][43] Howard later encounters Dracula[44] and even once returns to Duckworld.[45] At the end of the nine-issue magazine series, Howard leaves Beverly (at her request) and is later offered a genetically-constructed female duck mate, whom he does not take to.[46]

On a later occasion, She-Hulk accidentally pulls Howard though a cosmic wormhole along with theoretical physicist Brent Wilcox and they are able to prevent other universes from crowding out Earth-616. During this time, Howard meets a character called the Critic, travels to a dimension known as the Baloneyverse and again battles a group called the Band of the Bland, whom he had previously battled with the Defenders.[47][48][49]

In an encounter with Peter Parker and Ben Reilly (the then-current Spider-Man), Howard gets a rematch with the Circus of Crime and the Circus is defeated. During the fight, Howard and Beverly get stuck in a warehouse full of anthropomorphic ducks, briefly meeting the Savage Dragon and Destroyer Duck. Parker and Reilly leave the warehouse believing that they have the correct versions of Howard and Beverly with them. However, in the Savage Dragon/Destroyer Duck companion story that takes place simultaneously and that was written by Gerber, it is explained that the version of Howard and Beverly that left the warehouse with Parker and Reilly are simply clones taken by mistake and that the real Howard and Beverly actually left the scene with Savage Dragon and Destroyer Duck .[50]

The sorceress Jennifer Kale, in a weekly attempt to return Howard to his home world, inadvertently teleports Devil Dinosaur and Moon-Boy into her New York apartment. The disoriented dinosaur attempts to eat Howard, but spits him out when shot with John Blaze's hellfire gun. Devil Dinosaur and Moon-Boy then rampage through the city before being subdued by Ghost Rider (Daniel Ketch). Howard says that he relates to the pair being trapped in a world they never made before wandering off.[51][52]

Heroes Reborn[edit]

After a brief series of adventures with Generation X,[53] Howard gets a job as a department store Santa Claus, which gets him dragged to the North Pole where the real Santa Claus has sold out to HYDRA.[54] Howard goes through several dimensions, apparently through the power of Man-Thing, who can now talk but does not understand this new, unknown ability, and lands on a version of Duckworld where his parents are essentially Ward and June Cleaver, he has a sister named Princess, and he is regarded as a hero because his activities on Earth-616 were recognized by Duckworld's version of Reed Richards. This origin traces the source of these dimensions to be projections from Franklin's mind. Throughout the course of the adventure, Howard has a romance with Tana Nile, culminating in a kiss, after which he apologizes and tells her of his attachment to Beverly.[55][56][57] When Franklin understands that he has shaped all of these worlds, the group finds themselves back in the Man-Thing's swamp. While Man-Thing becomes a self-appointed guardian to Franklin Richards, Howard goes off on his own and is captured by the Cult of Entropy, who wrap him in swaddling clothes.[58] Although last seen in the swamp, Howard states that he was thrown into baggage and transported on a plane. The cult wants Howard because he has part of the Nexus of All Realities, which shattered during Heroes Reborn, inside of him. Man-Thing then enters Howard's mouth, and Howard vomits him back out with the fragment, but Man-Thing is left desiccated and practically dead.[59] Howard then encounters Namor, who thought he had slain Man-Thing, but Howard explains that he would not be lugging his friend's body around if that were the case. Howard sets the Man-Thing down in the water, and he revives during Howard's conversation with Namor. Once he sees that the Man-Thing is alive and well, he bids Namor farewell and says that he is returning to Cleveland.[60]

Years later, back with Beverly, he undergoes further shapeshifting experiences after an accident at a chemical facility of Doctor Bong's. Beverly is hired by Bong's Globally Branded Content Corporation, which manufactures boy bands from protein vats based on the sexual arousal of a focus group of gay men. Attempting to destroy an escapee whom Beverly has taken in, Bong inadvertently knocks Howard into a vat, which changes him, unstably, into a rat.[61] When Howard later showers, he changes his form multiple times before again permanently returning to the form of the giant rat. Verde then goes to the press and claims that his building was attacked by Osama el-Barka ("Osama the Duck" in Arabic). Howard and Beverly are sent back on the road after the junkyard office where they are living is destroyed by a S.W.A.T. team.[62] Denied admittance to every possible shelter due to lack of funds, the pair and their dog find a sign for the Boarding House of Mystery, but are taken to the police station for questioning and strip searches by Suzy Pazuzu, with whom Beverly had attended high school. One of the officers on the case is the same beat cop who mistook Howard for a mutant many years before. Suzy is the inheritor of the doucheblade, which starts to take her over when she wears an enchanted bracelet. In a skirmish, the bracelet is caught by Howard causing him to be the wielder of the doucheblade. The doucheblade causes its holder to grow enormous bare breasts and armor in a parody of Witchblade, and, possessed by this, Howard kills the male lover of a businessman who works with Verde as he and Verde break into Suzy's house.[63]

Arriving at the Boarding House of Mystery, Howard and Beverly encounter Cain and Abel, the latter with a rock stuck in his head that allows him only moments of lucidity. There, they are granted their every wish, including Howard's return to his true form, and Beverly never being poor again, and meet parodies of John Constantine, Wesley Dodds, the Endless, Spider Jerusalem, and Gerber's own Nevada (called Utah), all characters from DC Comics' Vertigo imprint. The downside to the House is that everyone staying there gets their every wish; so Che Guevara can have his revolution, but someone else can easily slaughter him.[64] One tenant, a writer named Mr. Gommorah (a parody of Spider Jerusalem), later takes Beverly and Howard to be on the Iprah show with the topic "Why Women Give It to Men Who Don't Get It", guest starring Dr. Phlip.

Upon leaving the House of Mystery, Howard is once again transformed into an anthropomorphic mouse. It is revealed that Iprah has been merged with an experiment by the Angel Gabriel called Deuteronomy, intended to replace God, because God has been spending all his time in a bar in Hell since 1938. Deuteronomy is a creature half-id and half-superego, while Iprah is an all-ego promoter of self-indulgent pop psychology. Considering her dangerous, Gabriel sends the cherub Thrasher to resurrect Sigmund Freud, whose cigar blasts out half of Thrasher's brains (being immortal, this just makes him act drunk). Iprah destroys Freud, but Howard blasts her with the cigar, separating her from Deuteronomy. Puffing on the cigar, Howard disintegrates and arrives in Hell.[65] He is eventually freed by Yah, a being who claims to be "God".[66]

Civil War[edit]

Sometime later, Howard attempts to register under the Superhero Registration Act during the superhero Civil War, but learns his socially disrupted life has created so many bureaucratic headaches that the government's official policy is that Howard does not exist. This lack of government oversight delights him: "For the rest of my life, no more parking tickets, or taxes, or jury duty. Heck, I couldn't even vote if I wanted to!" In this story, Howard says he was pressured to give up his cigars.[67]

After he defeats the supervillain M.O.D.O.T.’s scheme to control the public through mass media, his attorney, Jennifer Walters, successfully restores his citizenship, including all relevant responsibilities.[68]

Secret Invasion[edit]

Howard the Duck is briefly seen as part of the superpowered army gathered to battle invading Skrull forces.[69] He is seen armed with a pistol and wearing a Skrull's hand around his neck.[70] He is later seen kicking a Skrull during interrogation after the invasion.[71] Brian Michael Bendis has commented when asked of Howard: "That character has shown up in six issues I've done, and I've never typed the words Howard the Duck."[72]

Marvel Zombies 5[edit]

In Marvel Zombies 5, Howard the Duck of Earth-616 teams up with Machine Man to travel across the multiverse fighting zombies.[73]

Fear Itself[edit]

During the Fear Itself storyline, Howard forms a team called the Fearsome Four with She-Hulk, Frankenstein's Monster and Nighthawk to stop the Man-Thing when he goes on a rampage in Manhattan, due to the fear and chaos he senses on the citizens. They later discover a plot by Psycho-Man to use the Man-Thing's volatile empathy to create a weapon.[74]

Spider-Man: Back in Quack[edit]

Howard and Beverly are brainwashed and forced to work for Save Our Offspring From Indecency (S.O.O.F.I.) as Cynical Duck and Swizzle. They promote S.O.O.F.I. at a public speech held for them by J. Jonah Jameson. Spider-Man later interrupts a S.O.O.F.I. indoctrination at the New York Public Library, and Beverly and the other S.O.O.F.I.s see Spidey as a semi-demonic figure and attack him. Spidey escapes with Howard and breaks his brainwashing when Beverly is threatened. Howard quickly explains S.O.O.F.I.'s goals to Spider-Man. As Spider-Man publicly announces his long-standing support for S.O.O.F.I., Howard confronts Bev as she stands beside the Supreme S.O.O.F.I. Howard is able to break through to Beverly, reminding her of their past together. The Supreme S.O.O.F.I. orders the S.O.O.F.I.s to throw the pair into the special Blanditron at Guantanamo Bay, but Beverly keeps them at bay with a whip. Spidey attacks the S.O.O.F.I.s and unmasks the Supreme S.O.O.F.I., while the others escape though their teleporter. Howard states that he believes S.O.O.F.I. will lay low for a while after such a defeat and he also hopes that the group's Florida Everglades base might lead them to meet up with the Man-Thing.[75]

The Ducky Dozen[edit]

Because of his experience with zombie-infested worlds and his leadership of Machine Man, Howard is chosen as the leader of, as he dubs them, the Ducky Dozen. The team is composed of him, several Golden Age heroes, Dum-Dum Dugan, and Battlestar, who is also a veteran of a zombie incident. Upon entering Earth-12591, the Ducky Dozen fight hordes of zombie Nazis and Asgardians, but suffer grave losses as the team's members are either killed or zombified during the battle. After successfully accomplishing their mission, Howard, Dugan, Taxi Taylor and Battlestar are the only members to survive and return to Earth-616 along with the Riveter, the only survivor of Earth-12591's resistance team, the Suffragists.[76][77]

Wolverine and the X-Men[edit]

Howard later teams up with his friend Doop to battle the Robo-Barbarians in Dimension ZZZ. They beat the horde back with nothing but a broken sword, a rubber chicken with nails in it and a gun that shoots bees.[78]

Original Sin[edit]

After the death of Uatu the Watcher and the activation of the secrets buried in his eye, Howard discovers that he has the potential to be the most intelligent being in Duckworld. After evading a squirrel while driving, he is thrown flying from his vehicle but uses his intellect to calculate a way to land safely in a nearby dumpster.[79]

Back to New York[edit]

Howard returns to his business as a private eye, working in the same building as She-Hulk, in Brooklyn. One of his first new clients is Jonathan Richards, who hires Howard to retrieve a necklace stolen by the Black Cat. With the help of Tara Tam, his new friend and assistant, Howard manages to recover the necklace. However, on his way to give it back to Richards, he finds himself kidnapped by the Collector and allied with the Guardians of the Galaxy to escape the villain, who was attempting to add Howard to his collection of rare space objects and entities. Upon returning to Earth, Howard is robbed by May Parker, Spider-Man's aunt, and later re-encounters the Ringmaster, who is revealed to have brainwashed the elderly into committing robberies. After recovering the necklace for a third time, Howard is approached by Richards in the middle of his fight against the Ringmaster and Richards reveals himself to be Talos the Untamed, who reveals that the necklace was part of a marginally powerful item known as the Abundant Glove. With help from Doctor Strange, Howard and Tara locate the final piece of the Abundant Glove, but are unable to put it back together when Talos grabs it and proceedes to use it to wreak havoc on the city. Talos is confronted by numerous heroes while Howard and Tara take cover. Howard is able to point out that Tara, who is revealed to possess shapeshifting powers similar to that of a Skrull, could help him defeat Talos. Tara used her powers to impersonate Skrull Emperor Kl'rt (the Super-Skrull), distracting Talos long enough for Howard to snatch the Abundant Glove from his hand. Talos is later apprehended by the Fantastic Four and everything returns to normal.[80]

Afterwards, with the help of new arrival Gwenpool, Howard prevented HYDRA from infecting the world with a deadly virus.[81] He also has a crossover event with The Unbeatable Squirrel Girl.[82] Howard the Duck is shown to be living in the She-Hulk's apartment building when Patsy Walker moved out.[83]

Civil War II[edit]

During the Civil War II storyline, Howard the Duck is among the building tenants that learn from Patsy Walker what happened to She-Hulk following the fight against Thanos.[84]

War of the Realms[edit]

Howards last name, Duckson, is revealed in War of the Realms: War Scrolls #1.

Powers and abilities[edit]

Howard has no superhuman powers, but he is skilled in the martial art known as Quak-Fu, enough to defeat, or at least to hold his own against, far larger opponents. He has shown some degree of mystic talent in the past, to the point that Stephen Strange taught some spells to Howard and even offered to train him, but Howard declined.[31]

On one occasion, Howard used a suit of powered armor known as the "Iron Duck" armor designed by Claude Starkowitz. Besides its property as body armor, the suit was equipped with foot-mounted leaping coils, a chest-mounted searchlight, and flamethrowers in both arms.[42]

Characteristics and associations[edit]

Howard the Duck is a three-foot-tall anthropomorphic duck. He generally wears a tie and shirt and is almost always found smoking a cigar. Originally, like many cartoon ducks, he wore no pants; Disney threatened legal action due to Howard's resemblance to Donald Duck,[85] and Marvel redesigned that aspect of the character by writing into the script that Howard was the target of anti-nudity protests, and was forced to do business with "Wally Sidney", a failed cartoonist who made his fortune through a chain of conservative clothing retailers known as "Sidney World". Howard tries on various outfits, including ones akin to Donald Duck's sailor uniform and Uncle Scrooge's coat and top hat, before settling on his new attire of a business suit complete with trousers. Although Howard sulks that he has lost, Beverly reassures him that she does not want him to be a victim of a mob, and loves him no matter what he wears.[86]

Howard has an irritable and cynical attitude towards the often bizarre events around him; he feels there is nothing special about him except that he is a duck, and though he has no goals other than seeking comfort and to be left alone, he is often dragged into dangerous adventures simply because he is visibly unusual. His series' tagline, "Trapped in a world he never made", played off the genre trappings of 1950s science fiction.

His near-constant companion and occasional girlfriend is former art model and Cleveland native Beverly Switzler. Like Howard, Beverly wants an ordinary life but is frequently singled out for her appearance, though as a beautiful woman rather than a duck. Their only other friends are Paul Same (a painter who briefly became a sleepwalking crime-fighter named the Winky Man) and Winda Wester (a lisping ingénue with psychic powers). Howard has worked with Spider-Man and the Man-Thing on various occasions.

Howard found himself on Earth due to a shift in the "Cosmic Axis" from a world similar to Earth, but where there are "more ducks" and "apes don't talk". In the black-and-white Howard the Duck magazine series, writer Bill Mantlo theorized that Howard came from an extra-dimensional planet called Duckworld, a planet similar to Earth where ducks, not apes, had evolved to become the dominant species. In 2001, Gerber dismissed this idea, calling it "very pedestrian" and 'comic-booky' — in the worst sense of the term." Gerber stated that Howard came from an alternate Earth populated by a variety of anthropomorphic animals and not Duckworld.[87] A panel in Fear #19, prior to Howard's introduction, depicts Howard or someone like him near an anthropomorphic mouse and an anthropomorphic dog, in a panel about hypothetical other dimensions. Gerber later depicted his character Destroyer Duck as existing in such a world.

His antagonists (who usually appear in a single story each) are often parodies of science fiction, fantasy, or horror characters, as well as frequent parodies of political figures and organizations. The chief recurring villain, Lester Verde, better known as Doctor Bong – modeled on Doctor Doom and writers Bob Greene and Lester Bangs – is a former tabloid reporter who has the power to "reorder reality" by smashing himself on the bell-shaped helmet on his head and his main goal is to marry Beverly. Beverly eventually agreed to marry him to save Howard from Bong's evil experimentation, but the two were divorced shortly thereafter. Doctor Bong would reappear in issues of She-Hulk and Deadpool in the mid-1990s. Other recurring villains include the Kidney Lady, an older woman who has been convinced by her former lover that the soul is in the kidneys and attacks anything she sees as a threat to them, and Reverend Jun Moon Yuc and his Yuccies, a parody of Reverend Sun Myung Moon and the Unification Church ("Moonies"). Another important villain was the organization S.O.O.F.I. (Save Our Offspring From Indecency), whose leader was implied to be Anita Bryant, though she looked like an old, fat Elvis Presley with a smiley face/orange on her head.

Other Marvel Comics characters occasionally appeared with Howard, including Spider-Man, the Son of Satan and the Ringmaster. Omega the Unknown appeared to him in a dream, as did Spider-Man and the founding members of the rock group Kiss on other occasions.

Seemingly an autodidact, Howard at various times references Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, Albert Camus (whose novel The Stranger Gerber considers the principal influence on the comic series),[88] the Brontë sisters, and other figures of philosophical and political significance. In a parody of the Marvel comic character Shang-Chi, Howard was trained in the martial art of Quak-Fu. In the 2001 miniseries, as a mocking gesture toward Disney's mascot Mickey Mouse and as a reference to a previous lawsuit with the company over Howard's similarity to Donald Duck, Howard was turned into various other animals, but primarily appeared in the series as an anthropomorphic mouse.[89]

Other versions[edit]

Amalgam Comics[edit]

In the Amalgam Comics universe, Howard the Duck is fused with Lobo to become Lobo the Duck. This character is featured in its own one-shot comic book which (like almost all of the other Amalgam Comics) "falsely" implied that the one-shot was a continuation of multiple other, pre-existing Lobo The Duck stories.[90]

In the letters page of Bat-Thing #1, there was mention of a fictional upcoming 'special issue' featuring Howard the Mxyzptlk, presumably a merging of Howard with Mister Mxyzptlk.[91]

Marvel Zombies[edit]

An alternate version of Howard the Duck becomes infected with the zombie plague, and eats the brains of the alternate-Ash that is native to the zombie version of the Marvel Universe. He is swiftly slain by the Scarlet Witch and the original Ash Williams of the Evil Dead series.[92][93]

MC2[edit]

In the Marvel Comics 2 universe, Howard is seen as a blindfold-wearing martial arts teacher, a reference harkening back to his mastery of "Quack Fu" in the original 1970s series.[94]

Ultimate Marvel[edit]

In the miniseries Ultimate Comics: Armor Wars, a billboard advertising for "HDTV" is seen in the first panel, showing Howard.[95]

Universe X[edit]

  • While Howard does not appear, the Beast says, "I still feel badly about Howard," who had been "hunted down and consumed".[96]
  • In the original draft for Earth X, Howard was supposedly served as a feast during the Skull's invasion of New York City. The scene was cut due to space constraints.[97]

Spider-Gwen[edit]

On Earth-65 in the Spider-Gwen series, a human named Howard T. Duck is the President of the United States.[98]

Legion of Howards[edit]

In a parody of the Spider-Verse event, Howard and Leo Fitz team up with a group of Howards from across the Multiverse who collectively call themselves the Legion of Howards.[99] Their ranks include:

  • Howard the Duck - A version of Howard who wields Mjolnir and possesses the power of Thor.
  • Sister Howard the Duck - A female version of Howard who is a nun on her world.
  • Howard the Roboduck - A Japanese-style giant mecha piloted by an alternate version of Beverly Switzler.
  • The Ever-Lovin' Blue-Eyed Howard the Duck - A version of Howard who possesses the abilities and appearance of the Thing.
  • Strange-Duck - A mystical version of Howard who acts as his world's Sorcerer Supreme.

In other media[edit]

Television[edit]

  • Howard the Duck appears in the Ultimate Spider-Man animated series, voiced initially by Kevin Michael Richardson (in "Awesome"),[100] and subsequently by Seth Green (in "Return to the Spider-Verse Part 2").[101] He has sporadic appearances. In the episode "Awesome", he is found by Spider-Man in a lab on the S.H.I.E.L.D. Helicarrier but declares him too weird to use for a science project with Luke Cage; Howard states to Spider-Man that he knows Quak Fu. In the episode "Carnage", Howard has a cameo appearance in Peter Parker's imagination when trying figure out what Peter's transformation will be after the Green Goblin's injection with the Carnage symbiote. In the episode "Guardians of the Galaxy", Howard is mentioned among Star Lord's list of Earth's mightest heroes before Spider-Man. The episode "Return to the Spider-Verse Part 2" featured a pirate version of the character. He was Web Beard, the Sea Lord's first mate on a pirate ship version of Groot until he started to have a disagreement with Web Beard enough to lead the pirate versions of Rocket Raccoon and Cosmo the Spacedog into a mutiny after Web Beard hoarded the treasure for himself. When Howard was trying to get Web Beard, Spider-Man and Kid Arachnid to walk the plank, the Kraken ended up attacking. Spider-Man and Kid Arachnid persuaded Web Beard and Howard to put aside their differences in order for everyone to help repel the Kraken. After that was done, Howard agreed to serve Web Beard again.
  • Howard the Duck has a non-voiced cameo appearance in Hulk and the Agents of S.M.A.S.H.. In the episode "The Collector", he is seen in one of the Collector's pods who admires the 'ultra rare hero', stating that he is in mint condition.
  • Howard the Duck appears in the Guardians of the Galaxy animated series, voiced again by Seth Green.[102] He appears in the episode "Lyin' Eyes" where Drax the Destroyer and Rocket Raccoon find him in a display case at an auction house on Knowhere. When he sees Rocket Raccoon and Drax the Destroyer, Howard turns away and continues reading his newspaper. In the episode "Happy Together", he encounters his old acquantance Rocket Raccoon with the rest of the Guardians of the Galaxy at Starlin's where he will give the group some units if they obtain a specific item for him that is in Kallusian space. That item turned out to belong to the Kree. During the exchange on a planet that has an acid volcano, Howard gets away while the Guardians of the Galaxy deal with Phyla-Vell. Howard then hands the Kree item to the Collector as Howard asks why the Collector wanted the Guardians of the Galaxy set up. He is told the group broke the Collector's things. In the episode "Long Distance Runaround", the Guardians of the Galaxy catch up to Howard on Knowhere and apprehend him where he admitted setting them up in exchange that the Collector lets him see the outside of his ship. After Cosmo the Spacedog helps the Guardians of the Galaxy get away from Phyla-Vell, the Collector sabotaged the Milano to head to Hala to attack it. After the Collector shrinks Hala, Howard leaves in a small spacecraft having left a tracker for Collector's ship that the Guardians of the Galaxy used to find it. In the episode "With a Little Help From My Friends," Howard the Duck is on Conjunction when Star-Lord shows up looking for wrestlers to help fight the Serpent. Though Howard the Duck proved himself to Star-Lord when he used a bubble device to trap the Champion of the Universe.
  • Hulu will air an animated series written and executive produce by Kevin Smith and Dave Willis. Howard will team up with MODOK, Hit-Monkey, Tigra, and Dazzler in the animated The Offenders special.[103]

Film[edit]

See caption
Howard the Duck in the 1986 film adaptation.
See caption
Howard the Duck in Guardians of the Galaxy.
  • Lucasfilm and Universal Pictures produced the 1986 film Howard the Duck, in which Howard the Duck was voiced by Chip Zien and performed by an assortment of stunt actors in a duck suit ranging from Peter Baird, Ed Gale, Jordan Prentice, Tim Rose, Steve Sleap, Lisa Sturz, and Mary Wells. The only character borrowed from the Marvel Comics mythos was Beverly Switzler, though this version was a rock singer. In the film, Howard is brought to Cleveland by a laser spectroscope experiment gone awry which additionally summoned an evil alien, one of the Dark Overlords of the Universe, who intended to sacrifice all human life in order to free the others of its kind from their celestial prison. The film was widely panned and was a box office bomb. There was a novelization and a comic book adaptation of the film.
  • Howard the Duck appears as a CGI character in films set in the Marvel Cinematic Universe, voiced by Seth Green.
    • Howard the Duck is first seen in Guardians of the Galaxy (2014).[104] He is seen as a living exhibit in the Collector's museum during Gamora's visit. After Collector's tormented assistant grabs the Infinity Stone which causes an explosion, Howard is among the creatures in Collector's cages that are set free.[105] Howard is later shown in a post-credits scene having a drink with the Collector and Cosmo the Spacedog in the wrecked archives of the Collector's lair.[106] In August 2014, Guardians of the Galaxy director James Gunn said, "It's possible Howard could reappear as more of a character in the Marvel [Cinematic] Universe. But if people think that's going to lead to a Howard the Duck movie, that's probably not going to happen in the next four years. Who knows after that?"[107]
    • Howard the Duck's next appearance is in Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2 (2017).[108] Howard is shown having a drink at a bar while he is flirting with a woman on Contraxia.
    • Howard was to be included in a cameo appearance in Avengers: Infinity War (2018) but was cut, and was to be voiced by Ken Jeong rather than Seth Green.[109] While not featured in Infinity War, however, Howard has been confirmed to have survived Thanos' snap, which erased half of the universe's population at the end of the film.[110]
    • Howard can be seen armed with a blaster in a crowd of heroes in the final battle of Avengers: Endgame.[111]
    • In a June 2018 interview, Lea Thompson claimed that she was going to Marvel to pitch a new Howard the Duck movie, and expressed hope at directing it.[112]

Video games[edit]

Theme park[edit]

Other comics[edit]

  • In Savage Dragon/Destroyer Duck #1 (Nov. 1996), Gerber claims that Howard and Beverly Switzler changed their names to Leonard the Duck and Rhonda Martini, remained in the Image Universe and "were last sighted in Chicago boarding the Amtrak for Buffalo" while the duck who returned to Marvel is "only an empty trademark, a clone whose soul departed him at the corner of Floss and Regret".[119] This was done because Tom Brevoort invited Gerber to write the comic, claiming he was the only one to write Howard, then Gerber noticed the Howard guest appearances in Ghost Rider and Generation X and felt as though he had been tricked.[17]
  • In the Don Simpson's Megaton Man feature, a comedy relief character is Gower Goose, an intended parody of Howard.[120]
  • In the Claypool Comics series Elvira Mistress of the Dark, Gordon the Goose (clearly modelled on Howard) appears, together with Dorkheem the Sorcerer and the Heap-Thing, in issues #49, 58, and 59.
  • In America's Best Comics' Top 10 #8 a duck appearing to be Howard (with his distinctive blue hat & jacket) can be seen at the Transworld Transport Terminus.
  • In several issues of The Maxx, Howard appears, along with many other characters, seemingly cut and pasted into the story.
  • In Adam Beechen's ending of Doctor Fate: More Pain Comics, which Gerber left unfinished when he died, Howard, who is heard but unseen (his speech balloon ends with "waaugh"), dispatched the Elf with a Gun to destroy Negal and Ymp, then invited for one last drink with Yah, Bev, Thunny, and Megs before Yah goes back "upstairs".[121]
  • He is also seen being roasted in one of the Deadpool Kills The Marvel Universe issues, where the reporter states that Deadpool has gone into a killing spree, looking for heroes and villains alike, and also some characters that were never too special to begin with.[volume & issue needed]

Newspaper comic strip[edit]

Between June 6, 1977 and October 29, 1978, Howard the Duck appeared in a syndicated daily comic strip that comic strip historian Allan Holtz has described as having low distribution and that was eventually replaced by the Incredible Hulk comic strip.[122] Among the handful of newspapers it appeared in (syndicated by the Register and Tribune Syndicate) were the Toronto Star and Spokane Daily Chronicle. A total of eleven story arcs, as well as a number of single-joke strips, constitute the 511 individual strips that were printed.[123]

The strip started with original stories written by Steve Gerber and illustrated by Gene Colan: "Pop Syke -- The Consciousness of Success", "The Cult of Entropy" and "Fred Feenix the Self-Made Man". The latter was started by Colan and completed by Val Mayerik, who stayed on to do two additional Gerber-scripted stories: "The Sleigh Jacking" and "In Search of the Good Life".[124]

These were followed by an adaptation of the "Sleep of the Just" story from issue #4 of the Marvel comic, scripted by Gerber and illustrated by Alan Kupperberg. Gerber was fired from the strip in early 1978 over chronic problems with deadlines.[13] He was replaced by Marv Wolfman as writer, while Alan Kupperberg continued as artist. The remaining stories were: "Close Encounters of the Fowl Kind", "The Tuesday Ruby", "The Clone Ranger", "Bye Bye, Beverly" and "The Mystery of the Maltese Human".[124] As the series drew to an end, its already meager list of client papers shrank, making copies of these last post-Gerber stories particularly hard to find.

In November 1978, the first of a projected eight-issue series reprinting the entire strip was published by John Zawadzki. Titled It's Adventure Time With...Howard the Duck, only the initial issue was published.[125]

Radio[edit]

In 1980, a pilot for a radio show version of Howard was recorded. James Belushi played the role of Howard, although the program was never aired.[126]

Collected editions[edit]

  • Essential Howard the Duck collects Fear #19, Giant-Size Man-Thing #4–5, Howard The Duck vol. 1 #1–27, Howard The Duck Annual #1, and Marvel Treasury Edition #12, 592 pages, March 2002, ISBN 978-0785108313
  • Howard the Duck Omnibus collects Fear #19, Man-Thing #1, Giant-Size Man-Thing #4–5, Howard the Duck vol. 1 #1–33, Marvel Treasury Edition #12, and Marvel Team-Up #96, 808 pages, August 2008, ISBN 978-0785130239
  • Spider-Man Strange Adventures includes Howard the Duck #1, 176 pages, November 1996, ISBN 978-0785102212
  • Howard the Duck collects Howard the Duck vol. 3 #1–6, 144 pages, September 2002, ISBN 978-0785109310
  • Howard the Duck: Media Duckling collects Howard the Duck vol. 4 #1–4, 128 pages, April 2008, ISBN 978-0785127765
  • Howard the Duck: The Complete Collection Vol. 1 collects Fear #19, Man-Thing #1, Giant-Size Man-Thing #4–5, Howard the Duck vol. 1 #1–16, Marvel Treasury Edition #12, and Howard the Duck Annual #1, 456 pages, June 2015, ISBN 978-0785197768
  • Howard the Duck: The Complete Collection Vol. 2 collects Howard the Duck vol. 1 #17–31 and Howard the Duck magazine #1, 360 pages, March 2016, ISBN 978-0785196860
  • Howard the Duck: The Complete Collection Vol. 3 collects Howard the Duck magazine #2–7 and material from Crazy #59, 63, and 65, 384 pages, August 2016, ISBN 978-1302902049
  • Howard the Duck: The Complete Collection Vol. 4 collects Howard the Duck magazine #8–9, Marvel Team-Up #96, Howard the Duck vol. 1 #32-33, Sensational She-Hulk #14-17, and material from Bizarre Adventures #34, Marvel Tales #237, Spider-Man Team-Up #5, 384 pages, October 2017, ISBN 978-1302908607
  • Howard the Duck Vol. 0: What the Duck collects Howard the Duck vol. 5 #1–5, 112 pages, October 2015, ISBN 978-0785197720
  • Howard the Duck Vol. 1: Duck Hunt collects Howard the Duck vol. 6 #1-6 and The Unbeatable Squirrel Girl vol. 2 #6, 160 pages, June 2016, ISBN 978-0785199380
  • Howard the Duck Vol. 2: Good Night, and Good Duck collects Howard the Duck vol. 6 #7-11, 112 pages, November 2016, ISBN 978-0785199397

Reception[edit]

In August 2009, Time listed Howard the Duck as one of the "Top 10 Oddest Marvel Characters".[127]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Where are the jokes? Howard the Duck meets his creator". Mediascene. Supergraphics (#25): 4–7. June 1977.
  2. ^ McCoy, Paul Brian (March 16, 2010). "F.O.O.M. (Flashbacks of Ol' Marvel) #13: "If It Ain't Funk He Don't Feel It: Howard the Duck (1986)"". Comics Bulletin. Archived from the original on July 29, 2010. Retrieved February 3, 2013.
  3. ^ a b c "Howard the Duck (character)". Grand Comics Database.
  4. ^ Sanderson, Peter; Gilbert, Laura, ed. (2008). "1970s". Marvel Chronicle A Year by Year History. London, United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. p. 161. ISBN 978-0756641238. December saw the debut of the cigar-smoking Howard the Duck. In this story by writer Steve Gerber and artist Val Mayerik, various beings from different realities had begun turning up in the Man-Thing's Florida swamp, including this bad-tempered talking duck.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  5. ^ Sanderson "1970s" in Gilbert (2008), p. 174: "Gerber and artist Frank Brunner quickly brought Howard back ... in his own comic book."
  6. ^ Field, Tom (2005). Secrets in the Shadows: The Art & Life of Gene Colan. Raleigh, North Carolina: TwoMorrows Publishing. p. 118. ISBN 978-1893905450.
  7. ^ Sanderson "1970s" in Gilbert (2008), p. 177: "Howard the Duck ended up being nominated as [a] presidential candidate!"
  8. ^ Daniels, Les (1991). Marvel: Five Fabulous Decades of the World's Greatest Comics. New York, New York: Harry N. Abrams. p. 174. ISBN 9780810938212. Stan Lee ... recalls that the duck received thousands of write-in votes when he ran for President of the United States against Gerald Ford and Jimmy Carter in 1976.
  9. ^ Cooke, Jon B. (April 2005). "Steve Gerber's Crazy Days". Comic Book Artist Collection, Vol. 3. Raleigh, North Carolina: TwoMorrows Publishing. p. 66. ISBN 978-1893905429.
  10. ^ "Alan Kupperberg". Lambiek Comiclopedia. May 29, 2009. Archived from the original on February 3, 2013. Retrieved February 2, 2013. In 1978 he took over the Howard the Duck weekly comic with Marv Wolfman.
  11. ^ Howard the Duck #16 at the Grand Comics Database
  12. ^ Grant, Steven (November 1980). "How Howard Got His Pants". Howard the Duck Magazine. New York, New York: Marvel Comics Group (#8): 24–28.
  13. ^ a b "Marvel Fires Gerber". The Comics Journal. Stamford, Connecticut: Fantagraphics Books (#41): 7. August 1978.
  14. ^ a b c Martin, Robert Stanley (May 28, 2014). "All Quacked-Up: Steve Gerber, Marvel Comics, and Howard the Duck". HoodedUtilitarian.com. Archived from the original on May 29, 2014. Retrieved June 2, 2014.
  15. ^ a b c "The Howard the Duck Documents". HoodedUtilitarian.com. Archived from the original on May 29, 2014.
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  17. ^ a b Gerber, Steve (January 17, 2007). "…and it's not like you're going to read about it on the Steve Gerber Web site". SteveGerberBlog. Archived from the original on October 13, 2007. Retrieved February 3, 2013.
  18. ^ Siegel, Lucas (November 21, 2014). "Marvel's Howard the Duck To Get New Ongoing Series". Newsarama. Archived from the original on November 23, 2014.
  19. ^ Gerber, Steve (w), Mayerik, Val (p), Trapani, Sal (i). "The Enchanter's Apprentice!" Adventure into Fear #19 (December 1973)
  20. ^ Gerber, Steve (w), Mayerik, Val (p), Trapani, Sal (i). "Battle for the Palace of the Gods!" Man-Thing #1 (January 1974)
  21. ^ Gerber, Steve (w), Brunner, Frank (p), Brunner, Frank (i). "Frog Death!" Giant-Size Man-Thing #4 (May 1975)
  22. ^ Gerber, Steve (w), Brunner, Frank (p), Palmer, Tom (i). "Hellcow!" Giant-Size Man-Thing #5 (August 1975)
  23. ^ Gerber, Steve (w), Brunner, Frank (p), Leialoha, Steve (i). "Howard the Barbarian" Howard the Duck #1 (January 1976)
  24. ^ Manning, Matthew K.; Gilbert, Laura, ed. (2012). "1970s". Spider-Man Chronicle: Celebrating 50 Years of Web-Slinging. London, United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. p. 86. ISBN 978-0756692360. Marvel's anthropomorphic duck, Howard, was given his own series, the first issue of which featured a guest appearance by Spider-Man to help ease new readers into the satirical title.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  25. ^ Gerber, Steve (w), Brunner, Frank; Starlin, Jim (p), Leialoha, Steve (i). "Cry Turnip!" Howard the Duck #2 (March 1976)
  26. ^ Gerber, Steve (w), Buscema, John (p), Leialoha, Steve (i). "Four Feathers of Death!" Howard the Duck #3 (May 1976)
  27. ^ Gerber, Steve (w), Colan, Gene (p), Leialoha, Steve (i). "The Sleep ... of the Just!" Howard the Duck #4 (July 1976)
  28. ^ Gerber, Steve (w), Colan, Gene (p), Leialoha, Steve (i). "I Want Mo-o-oney!" Howard the Duck #5 (September 1976)
  29. ^ Gerber, Steve (w), Colan, Gene (p), Leialoha, Steve (i). "The Secret House of Forbidden Cookies!" Howard the Duck #6 (November 1976)
  30. ^ a b Gerber, Steve (w), Colan, Gene (p), Leialoha, Steve (i). "The Way the Cookie Crumbles!" Howard the Duck #7 (December 1976)
  31. ^ a b Gerber, Steve (w), Buscema, Sal (p), Janson, Klaus (i). "The Duck and the Defenders" Marvel Treasury Edition #12 (1976)
  32. ^ Gerber, Steve (w), Colan, Gene (p), Leialoha, Steve (i). "Scandal Plucks Duck" Howard the Duck #9 (February 1977)
  33. ^ Gerber, Steve (w), Colan, Gene (p), Janson, Klaus (i). "A Duck Possessed!" Howard the Duck #14 (July 1977)
  34. ^ Gerber, Steve (w), Colan, Gene (p), Janson, Klaus (i). "The Island of Dr. Bong!" Howard the Duck #15 (August 1977)
  35. ^ Gerber, Steve (w), Colan, Gene (p), Janson, Klaus (i). "Metamorphosis" Howard the Duck #18 (November 1977)
  36. ^ Gerber, Steve (w), Colan, Gene (p), Janson, Klaus (i). "Howard the Human!" Howard the Duck #19 (December 1977)
  37. ^ Gerber, Steve (w), Mayerik, Val (p), Wray, Bill (i). "May the Farce be with You!" Howard the Duck #22 (March 1978)
  38. ^ Gerber, Steve (w), Mayerik, Val (p), Mayerik, Val (i). "Star Waaugh" Howard the Duck #23 (April 1978)
  39. ^ Gerber, Steve (w), Colan, Gene (p), Janson, Klaus (i). "Getting Smooth!" Howard the Duck #25 (June 1978)
  40. ^ Gerber, Steve (w), Colan, Gene (p), Janson, Klaus (i). "Repercussions ...!" Howard the Duck #26 (July 1978)
  41. ^ Gerber, Steve (w), Colan, Gene (p), Janson, Klaus (i). "Circus Maximus" Howard the Duck #27 (September 1978)
  42. ^ a b Mantlo, Bill (w), Colan, Gene (p), Milgrom, Al (i). "If This Be Bongsday!" Howard the Duck #30 (March 1979)
  43. ^ Mantlo, Bill (w), Colan, Gene (p), Milgrom, Al (i). "The Final Bong!" Howard the Duck #31 (May 1979)
  44. ^ Mantlo, Bill (w), Golden, Michael (p), McLeod, Bob (i). "The Tomb of Drakula!" Howard the Duck v2, #5 (May 1980)
  45. ^ Mantlo, Bill (w), Golden, Michael (p), McLeod, Bob (i). "Duckworld" Howard the Duck v2, #6 (July 1980)
  46. ^ Stager, Christopher (w), Mayerik, Val (p), Mayerik, Val (i). "Material Duck" Howard the Duck #33 (September 1986)
  47. ^ Gerber, Steve (w), Hitch, Bryan (p), Sanders, III, James (i). "A Baloney Place of Dying" Sensational She-Hulk #14 (April 1990)
  48. ^ Gerber, Steve (w), Hitch, Bryan (p), Sanders, III, James (i). "Secret Warts" Sensational She-Hulk #15 (May 1990)
  49. ^ Gerber, Steve (w), Hitch, Bryan (p), Sanders, III, James (i). "The Lowbrow Hunters" Sensational She-Hulk #16 (June 1990)
  50. ^ Robertson, Darick (w), Robertson, Darick (p), Moore, Jerome K. (i). "Crescent City Memories" Spider-Man Team-Up #5 (December 1996)
  51. ^ Velez, Jr., Ivan (w), Larroca, Salvador (p), Pennington, Mark (i). "Caught Between a Duck and a Hard Place" Ghost Rider v3, #81 (January 1997)
  52. ^ Velez, Jr., Ivan (w), Mhan, Pop (p), Lowe, John (i). "The Duck and the Amok" Ghost Rider v3, #82 (February 1997)
  53. ^ Lobdell, Scott (w), Bachalo, Chris (p), Buckingham, Mark (i). "Bodies In Motion" Generation X #20 (October 1996)
  54. ^ Hama, Larry (w), Ferry, Pasqual (p), Mendoza, Jaime (i). "Wreck the Malls with Hydra's Folly" Howard the Duck Holiday Special #1 (February 1997)
  55. ^ DeMatteis, J. M.; Dezago, Todd (w), Egeland, Martin (p), Shum, Howard M. (i). "Once Upon a Time ..." Daydreamers #1 (August 1997)
  56. ^ DeMatteis, J. M.; Broderick, Jr., George (w), Egeland, Martin (p), Shum, Howard M. (i). "Across the Universe" Daydreamers #2 (September 1997)
  57. ^ DeMatteis, J. M.; Dezago, Todd; Josefowiez, Andy (w), Egeland, Martin (p), Shum, Howard M. (i). "Dark Eyes" Daydreamers #3 (October 1997)
  58. ^ DeMatteis, J. M (w), Sharp, Liam (p), Sharp, Liam (i). "An Empty House" Man-Thing v3, #5 (April 1998)
  59. ^ DeMatteis, J. M (w), Sharp, Liam (p), Sharp, Liam (i). "The Duck And The Muck" Man-Thing v3, #6 (May 1998)
  60. ^ DeMatteis, J. M (w), Sharp, Liam (p), Sharp, Liam (i). "In The Waters Of Eternity (Part 1)" Man-Thing v3, #7 (June 1998)
  61. ^ Gerber, Steve (w), Winslade, Phil (p), Winslade, Phil (i). "Making the Band" Howard the Duck v3, #1 (March 2002)
  62. ^ Gerber, Steve (w), Winslade, Phil (p), Winslade, Phil (i). "Endangered Species" Howard the Duck v3, #2 (April 2002)
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