Red Sonja

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Red Sonja
Red Sonja.png
Textless cover of Red Sonja #16 (July 2015).
Art by Ed Benes.
Publication information
PublisherMarvel Comics (1973–1986)
Dynamite Entertainment (2005–present)
First appearanceConan the Barbarian #23 (February 1973)
Created byRoy Thomas
Barry Smith
In-story information
Notable aliasesMary Jane Watson[1][2]
AbilitiesA sword-master in peak human physical condition, martial arts expert, as well as experience in fighting the supernatural.

Red Sonja is a fictional sword and sorcery comic-book superheroine[3] created by writer Roy Thomas and artist Barry Windsor-Smith for Marvel Comics in 1973, partially based on Robert E. Howard's characters Red Sonya of Rogatino and Dark Agnes de Chastillon.

Marvel Comics published stories featuring Red Sonja until 1986, and returned to the character for a one-shot story in 1995. In 2005, Dynamite Entertainment began publishing stories of the heroine, during which the original Sonja was killed and replaced by a "reincarnation". The series was rebooted by writer Gail Simone in 2013, telling an altered version of Red Sonja's early life story via flashbacks. Subsequent writers of Red Sonja have included Amy Chu, Mark Russell, Luke Lieberman, Jimmy Palmiotti, and Amanda Conner, among others.

Red Sonja has appeared in numerous editions both solo and together with Conan, as well as in some Marvel comics crossovers. A novelization was published in the 1980s written by David C. Smith and Richard L. Tierney, and in 1985, a feature film starring Brigitte Nielsen in the title role, Red Sonja, was released.

Sonja's signature clothing is her bikini armor, consisting typically of scale mail. In 2011, Red Sonja was ranked 1st in Comics Buyer's Guide's "100 Sexiest Women in Comics" list.[4]


Marvel Comics (1973–1995)[edit]

Red Sonja was created by writer Roy Thomas and artist Barry Windsor-Smith for Marvel Comics in 1973, partially based on Robert E. Howard's character Red Sonya of Rogatino, a female swashbuckler from his 1934 short story "The Shadow of the Vulture", and to a certain degree also based on Howard's character Dark Agnes de Chastillon.[5]

Red Sonja debuted in Marvel's Conan the Barbarian #23 (1973).[6] Thomas created a new origin story and transposed the timeline from the 16th century of Howard's original Red Sonya to the Hyborian Age, another Howard creation, in order to have the comic-book Red Sonja interact with Conan the Barbarian. In 1975, Marvel Comics published the first issue of Red Sonja after the character headlined Marvel Feature for seven issues that same year.[7][8] Red Sonja's origin story was told in the story "The Day of the Sword", in Kull and the Barbarians #3 (1975), written by Roy Thomas and Doug Moench and illustrated by Howard Chaykin. The same story was later redrawn by Dick Giordano and Terry Austin in The Savage Sword of Conan #78 (July 1982).

In this version, Red Sonja lives with her family in a humble house in the Western Hyrkanian steppes. When she is 21, a group of mercenaries kills her family and burns down their house. Sonja attempts to defend herself, but cannot lift her brother's sword. She is raped by the leader of the group. Answering her cry for revenge, the red goddess Scáthach appears to her and gives her incredible fighting skills, on the condition that she never lie with a man unless he defeats her in fair combat.

Marvel's last published story featuring Red Sonja was the one-shot issue Red Sonja: Scavenger Hunt #1 (December 1995), written by Glenn Herdling and illustrated by Ken Lashley.[9]

Dynamite Comics (2005–present)[edit]

Dynamite Comics began publishing the series in 2005 and it ran for 80 issues. The original Sonja dies in issue #34 of the first Dynamite series. A new character of the same name, described as a reincarnation, takes her place from issue #35 onward.[10] A soft reboot took place from #50 using the same continuity as Marvel Comics.

At the 2013 Emerald City Comic Con, Dynamite Entertainment, which began publishing Red Sonja comics in 2005, announced that Gail Simone would be writing a new ongoing Red Sonja series with art from Walter Geovani.[11] Simone noted in interviews that her version was slightly "rebooted", showing the character's beginnings.[12] Issue #1 of Simone's run was released in July 2013 to positive reviews.[13] The series lasted 18 issues.[14] After Simone's run, Dynamite launched a new Red Sonja series in January 2016. The book featured Marguerite Bennett as writer, and a redesign of the main character by artist Nicola Scott.[15] That series lasted six issues.[16]

In 2017, a new Red Sonja comic series debuted by Amy Chu with art by Carlos Gomez.[17] The series ran for 25 issues, ending in 2019.[18]

In November 2019, a new series by writer Mark Russell and art by Mirko Colak debuted to positive critical reception.[19][20] Russell left the series after issue 24 and was replaced with writer Luke Lieberman with art by Drew Moss.[21] The run would end up with 28 issues.

In mid-2021, Dynamite released the anthology Red Sonja: Black, White, Red. Each issue will present stories by different teams of artists and writers, including Kurt Busiek, Benjamin Dewey, Amanda Deibert, Cat Staggs, Mark Russell, and Bob Q.[22]

In February 2021 Dynamite released a series depicted Red Sonja meeting various different versions of herself cross the multiverse.[23] That same month, Amanda Conner and Jimmy Palmiotti co-wrote the series Invincible Red Sonja with artist Moritat.[24]

In June 2021, Dynamite Entertainment announced that a new series written by Mirka Andolfo and drawn by Giuseppe Cafaro debuted in September 2021.[25] The first issue sold out its initial run of 32,000 copies, prompting a second printing.[26][27]

Depiction of sexuality[edit]

Bikini armor[edit]

Cosplayer Mandy Caruso at the 2011 New York Comic Con dressed as Red Sonja

Most artists depict Red Sonja wearing a very brief "chainmail bikini" costume of scale armor, usually with boots and gauntlets. As originally drawn by Barry Smith for "The Shadow of the Vulture" and "The Song of Red Sonja" in Conan the Barbarian issues 23 and 24 (1973), she did not have as full a figure and dressed a little more conservatively, in a long-sleeved mail shirt and short pants of red silk, a style that did not last long.[citation needed]

As told by Roy Thomas in the introduction of Red Sonja Adventures Volume 1 (Dynamite Entertainment) Spanish artist Esteban Maroto submitted an uncommissioned illustration to him when he was editing the magazine Savage Sword of Conan where he redesigned the character and for the first time showed her wearing what would become her famous costume, the silver "metal bikini", which resembled other fantasy costumes that other Maroto heroines sported in the 1970s. This illustration had been printed for the first time in Jim Steranko's magazine Comixscene #5 in black and white. It was reprinted in Savage Sword of Conan #1, and in Marvel Treasury Edition #15 colored but poorly reproduced, and finally restored and colored by José Villarrubia as an alternative cover for the Dynamite Entertainment edition of Red Sonja #2. Maroto drew her in this costume for a double page spread illustration in Savage Tales #3 and then for her first solo adventure in Savage Sword of Conan #1, and John Buscema drew her in this costume in the same magazine. Buscema drew her again in this costume in issues 43, 44 and 48 of Conan the Barbarian (1974) and Dick Giordano in the first issue of Marvel Feature vol. 2 (Nov. 1975) before Frank Thorne took over from issue #2 (Jan. 1976).


In 2016 author Gail Simone indicated that Sonja was bisexual in her run.[28] In December 2020, the series by writer Luke Lieberman and artist Walter Geovani corroborates this, depicting Sonja as having slept with a woman.[29]

Comics bibliography[edit]

As a main character[edit]

  • Marvel Feature (Vol. 2) 1–7 (Marvel Comics) (November, 1975 – November, 1976)
  • Red Sonja (Vol. 1) 1–15 (Marvel Comics) (January, 1977 – May, 1979)
  • Red Sonja (Vol. 2) 1–2 (Marvel Comics) (February, 1983 – March, 1983)
  • Red Sonja (Vol. 3) 1–13 (Marvel Comics) (August, 1983 – May, 1986)
  • Red Sonja: The Movie 1–2 (Marvel Comics) (November – December, 1985)
  • Red Sonja: Scavenger Hunt (Marvel Comics) (December, 1995)
  • Red Sonja in 3-D (Blackthorne) (1998)
  • Red Sonja: A Death in Scarlet (Cross Plains) (1999)
  • Red Sonja (Vol. 1) 0–80 (Dynamite Entertainment) (2005–2013)
  • Red Sonja Vs. Thulsa Doom 1–4 (Dynamite Entertainment) (2005)
  • Red Sonja Annual 1–4, (Dynamite Entertainment) (2006–2013)
  • Red Sonja & Claw 1–4 (Wildstorm/Dynamite Entertainment) (2006)
  • Red Sonja: One More Day (Dynamite Entertainment) (2006)
  • Red Sonja: Goes East (Dynamite Entertainment) (2006)
  • Red Sonja: Monster Isle (Dynamite Entertainment) (2006)
  • Savage Red Sonja: Queen of the Frozen Wastes 1–4 (Dynamite Entertainment) (2006)
  • Red Sonja: Vacant Shell (Dynamite Entertainment) (2007)
  • Savage Tales (Vol. 3) 1–10 (Dynamite Entertainment) (2007–2008)
  • Giant Size Red Sonja 1–2 (Dynamite Entertainment) (2007–2008)
  • Sword of Red Sonja: Doom of the Gods 1–4 (Dynamite Entertainment) (2007–2008)
  • Spider-Man & Red Sonja 1–5 (Marvel Comics/Dynamite Entertainment) (2007–2008)
  • Queen Sonja 1–35 (Dynamite Entertainment) (2009–2013)
  • Classic Red Sonja Remastered 1–4 (Dynamite Entertainment) (2010)
  • Red Sonja: Wrath of the Gods 1–5 (Dynamite Entertainment) (2010)
  • Red Sonja: Revenge of the Gods 1–5 (Dynamite Entertainment) (2011)
  • Red Sonja: Deluge (Dynamite Entertainment) (2011)
  • Red Sonja: Break The Skin (Dynamite Entertainment) (2011)
  • Red Sonja: Blue (Dynamite Entertainment) (2011)
  • Red Sonja: Raven (Dynamite Entertainment) (2012)
  • Witchblade/Red Sonja 1–5 (Top Cow Productions/Dynamite Entertainment) (2012)
  • Prophecy 1–7 (Dynamite Entertainment) (2012–2013)
  • Red Sonja: Atlantis Rises 1–4 (Dynamite Entertainment) (2012–2013)
  • Red Sonja: Unchained 1–4 (Dynamite Entertainment) (2013)
  • Red Sonja (Vol. 2) 0–18 (Dynamite Entertainment) (2013–2015)
  • Legends of Red Sonja 1–5 (Dynamite Entertainment) (2013–2014)
  • Legendary: A Steampunk Adventure 1-7 (Dynamite Entertainment) (2014)
  • Li'l Sonja (Dynamite Entertainment) (2014)
  • Red Sonja: Berserker (Dynamite Entertainment) (2014)
  • Red Sonja and Cub (Dynamite Entertainment) (2014)
  • Red Sonja: Sanctuary (Dynamite Entertainment) (2014)
  • Red Sonja: Black Tower 1–4 (Dynamite Entertainment) (2014)
  • Red Sonja: Vulture's Circle 1–5 (Dynamite Entertainment) (2015)
  • Conan/Red Sonja 1–4 (Dark Horse Comics/Dynamite Entertainment) (2015)
  • Red Sonja/Conan 1–4 (Dark Horse Comics/Dynamite Entertainment) (2015)
  • Red Sonja #100 (Dynamite Entertainment) (2015)
  • Swords of Sorrow 1-6 (Dynamite Entertainment) (2015)
  • Swords of Sorrow: Red Sonja/Jungle Girl 1–3 (Dynamite Entertainment) (2015)
  • Red Sonja 1973 (Dynamite Entertainment) (2015)
  • Legendary Red Sonja (Vol. 1) 1–5 (Dynamite Entertainment) (2015)
  • Red Sonja: Altered States (Dynamite Entertainment) (2015)
  • Red Sonja (Vol. 3) 1–6 (Dynamite Entertainment) (2016)
  • Pathfinder: Worldscape 1-6 (Dynamite Entertainment) (2016–2017)
  • Red Sonja (Vol. 4) 0–25 (Dynamite Entertainment) (2016–2019)
  • Red Sonja: The Long Walk to Oblivion (Dynamite Entertainment) (2017)
  • Pathfinder: Worldscape - Red Sonja (Dynamite Entertainment) (2017)
  • Legendary Red Sonja (Vol. 2) 1–5 (Dynamite Entertainment) (2018)
  • Red Sonja/Tarzan 1-6 (Dynamite Entertainment) (2018)
  • Red Sonja: Halloween Special (Dynamite Entertainment) (2018)
  • Red Sonja: Holiday Special (Dynamite Entertainment) (2018)
  • Red Sonja (Vol. 5) 1-28(Dynamite Entertainment) (2019-2021)
  • Red Sonja: The Ballad of the Red Goddess (Dynamite Entertainment) (2019)
  • Red Sonja and Vampirella meet Betty and Veronica 1-12 (Dynamite Entertainment) (2019-2020)
  • Red Sonja: Lord of Fools (Dynamite Entertainment) (2019)
  • Red Sonja: The Birth of the She-Devil 1-4 (Dynamite Entertainment) (2019)
  • Red Sonja: Petitioning the Queen (Dynamite Entertainment) (2019)
  • Vampirella/Red Sonja 1-12 (Dynamite Entertainment) (2019-2020)
  • Red Sonja: Age of Chaos 1-6 (Dynamite Entertainment) (2020)
  • Killing Red Sonja 1-5 (Dynamite Entertainment) (2020)
  • Mars Attacks - Red Sonja 1-5 (Dynamite Entertainment) (2020)
  • Red Sonja - The Price of Blood 1-4 (Dynamite Entertainment) (2020-2021)
  • Red Sonja - The Super Powers 1-5 (Dynamite Entertainment) (2021)
  • Red Sonja 1982 (Dynamite Entertainment) (2021)
  • Red Sonja (Vol. 6) 1- present (Dynamite Entertainment) (2021)
  • Sonjaversal 1 - present (2021)
  • The Invincible Red Sonja 1 - present (2021)
  • Red Sonja: Black, White, Red 1 - present (2021)

In solo stories in anthologies[edit]

  • Conan the Barbarian, (Marvel Comics) (1970–1993).
    • Issue 48, "Episode!", Roy Thomas (w), John Buscema (p), Dick Giordano (i). (First solo story in color).
    • Issue 78, "Curse of the Undead-Man", Roy Thomas (w), John Buscema (a), Pablo Marcos (i). (Reprint from Savage Sword of Conan Issue 1).
  • Savage Sword of Conan, (Marvel Comics) (1974–1995).
    • Issue 1, "Red Sonja" Roy Thomas (w), Esteban Maroto (p), Ernie Chan/Neal Adams (i). (First solo story in black and white. Also featured in the cover painted by Boris Vallejo).
    • Issue 1, "Curse of the Undead-Man", Roy Thomas (w), John Buscema (a), Pablo Marcos (i).
    • Issue 23, "Wizards of the Black Sun", Roy Thomas/Clair Noto (w), Frank Thorne (a). (Featured in the cover painted by Earl Norem)
    • Issue 29, "The Wizard and Red Sonja Show", Frank Thorne (w/a).
    • Issue 45, "Master of Shadows", Christy Marx (w), John Buscema (p), Tony DeZuniga (i).
    • Issue 78, "The Day of the Sword", Roy Thomas/Doug Moench (w), Howard Chaykin (layouts) Dick Giordano/Terry Austin (a). (Origin re-drawn). (Reprint from Kull and the Barbarians Issue 3)
    • Issue 83, "Red Sonja", Roy Thomas (w), Esteban Maroto (p), Ernie Chan/Neal Adams (i). (Reprint from Savage Sword of Conan Issue 1).
    • Issue 157, "Infant Terrible", Bruce Jones (w/a).
    • Issue 169, "The Endless Stair", Peter B. Gillis (w), Steven Carr (p), Armando Gil (i).
    • Issue 172, "The Waif and the Warrior", Jim Valentino (w), Steven Carr (p), Josef Rubinstein (i).
    • Issue 178, "Chains", Sue Flaxman (w), Gavin Curtis (p), Keith Williams (i).
    • Issue 187, "Red Sonja Quells the Song of the Siren", Marie Javins/Steve Buccellato (w), Alfredo Alcala (a).
    • Issue 192, "On the Road of Kings", Roy Thomas/Dann Thomas (w), Tony DeZuniga (a).
    • Issue 194, "The Road to Zamboula", Roy Thomas (w), Tony DeZuniga (a).
    • Issue 195, "Swordless in Zamboula", Roy Thomas (w), Tony DeZuniga (a).
    • Issues 207–10, "The Road to Zanadu", Roy Thomas/Dann Thomas (w), Del Barras/Reggie Jones/ Kirk Etienne (a).
    • Issue 229, "A Lady for the Burning", Roy Thomas (w), Howard Simpson (p), Rober Quijano (i).
    • Issue 230–3, "The Ring of Ikribu" Roy Thomas (w), Esteban Maroto (a).
  • Kull and the Barbarians (Marvel Comics) (1975).
    • Issue 2, "She-Devil with a Sword" Roy Thomas (w), Howard Chaykin (a).
    • Issue 3, "The Day of the Sword" Roy Thomas/Doug Moench (w), Howard Chaykin (a). (Origin story, first appearance of the Red Goddess. Also featured in the cover painted by Michael Whelan)
  • A Marvel Super Special (Marvel Comics) (1978).
    • Issue 9, "Day of the Red Judgement", Roy Thomas/ Christy Marx (w), Howard Chaykin (a). (Second appearance of the Red Goddess from origin story. Also featured in the cover painted by John Buscema)


  • With Spider-Man in Marvel Team-Up #79 (Marvel Comics) writer : Chris Claremont; Artist : John Byrne
  • With Spider-Man in Spider-Man/Red Sonja mini-series co-published by Dynamite Entertainment. Collected in the Spider-Man/Red Sonja TPB (ISBN 978-0-78-512744-4) collects Spider-Man/Red Sonja (2007) #1 – 5 (Oct. 2007 – Feb. 2008) and Marvel Team-Up (1972 – 1985 1st Series) #79 (March 1979).
  • Wolverine in What if? Vol. 2, #16 (Marvel Comics) (Sonja is defeated by Wolverine and becomes his mate).
  • Official Handbook of the Conan Universe #1 (Marvel Comics) (1986).
  • Marvel Feature #4 was reprinted in the book The Superhero Women edited by Stan Lee. Red Sonja was featured among many of Marvel's female characters on the cover painted by John Romita, Sr.

Team-ups with Conan[edit]

  • Conan the Barbarian, (Marvel Comics) (1970–1993).
    • Issue 23, "The Shadow of the Vulture", Roy Thomas (w), Barry Smith (a), John Buscema/Akins/Stone (i). (First appearance in a Conan comic publication).
    • Issue 24, "Song of Red Sonja", Roy Thomas (w), Barry Smith (a).
    • Issue 43, "Tower of Blood", Roy Thomas (w), John Buscema/Ernie Chua (i).
    • Issue 44, "The Fiend and the Flame", Roy Thomas (w), John Buscema/The Crusty Bunkers (a).
    • Issue 67, "Talons of the Man-Tiger", Roy Thomas (w), John Buscema (i).
    • Issue 68, "Of Once and Future Kings", Roy Thomas (w), John Buscema (i).
    • Issue 115, "A War of Wizards", Roy Thomas (w), John Buscema/Ernie Chan (i).
    • Issue 195, "Blood of Ages", James Owsley/Val Semeiks (w), Geof Isherwood (f).
    • Issue 196, "The Beast", James Owsley/Val Semeiks (w), Geof Isherwood (f).
    • Issue 197, "Stand", James Owsley/Val Semeiks (w), Geof Isherwood (f).
    • Issue 198, "The River", James Owsley/Val Semeiks (w), Geof Isherwood (f).
    • Issue 199, "Revelation in the Mists", James Owsley/Val Semeiks (w), Geof Isherwood (f).
    • Issue 200, "The Fall of Acheron", James Owsley/Val Semeiks (w), Geof Isherwood(f).
    • Issue 204, "Goblin", James Owsley/Val Semeiks (w), Vince Colletta (f).
    • Issue 205, "Necropolis", James Owsley/Val Semeiks (w), Alfredo Alcala (f).
    • Issue 241–3, "The Sorcerer and the She-Devil", Roy Thomas (w), Mike DeCarlo (i).
    • Issue 244, "Fiends of the Flaming Mountain", Roy Thomas (w), Mike DeCarlo (i).
    • Issue 245, "Empire of the Undead", Roy Thomas (w), Mike DeCarlo (i).
    • Issue 246, "Chaos in Khoraja", Roy Thomas (w), Mike DeCarlo (i).
    • Issue 247, "The Sword that Conquers All", Roy Thomas (w), Mike DeCarlo (i).
    • Issue 248, "The Peril and the Prophecy", Roy Thomas (w), Talaoc/Ernie Chan (i).
    • Issue 249, "Red Wind", Roy Thomas (w), Ernie Chan (i).
    • Issue 250, "Chaos Beneath Kuthchemes", Roy Thomas (w), Ernie Chan (i).
  • Conan the Barbarian Annual (Marvel Comics) (1987).
    • Issue 12, "Legion of the Dead", James Owsley/Val Semeiks (w), Ernie Chan (a).
  • Savage Sword of Conan, (Marvel Comics) (1974–1995).
    • Issue 82, "Song of Red Sonja", Roy Thomas (w), Barry Smith (a). (Reprint from Conan the Barbarian Issue 24).
    • Issue 144, "The Waiting Doom", Charles Dixon (w), Ernie Chan (i).
    • Issue 145, "Feast of the Stag", Charles Dixon (w), Geof Isherwood (f).
    • Issue 153, "Phantasm", James Owsley (w), Luke McDonnell (p) Armando Gil (i).
    • Issue 170, "Emerald Lust", Charles Dixon (w), Gary Kwapisz (i).
    • Issue 179, "Fury of the Iron Damsels", Charles Dixon (w), Gary Kwapisz (i).
    • Issue 223, "The Many Mirrors of Tuzun Thune", Roy Thomas (W), Mike Docherty (p) (Sequel to Ravagers Out of Time graphic novel)
    • Issue 224, "Dragons of a World's Dawn", Roy Thomas (w), E.R. Cruz (i).
    • Issue 226, "Of Kings and Cataclysms", Roy Thomas (w), E.R. Cruz (i); "Days of the World Ending", Roy Thomas (w), E.R. Cruz (i); "Back from the Time Abyss", Roy Thomas (w), E.R. Cruz (i).
  1. Issue 230, "Shall Python Fall?", Roy Thomas (w), E.R. Cruz (i).
  2. Issue 231, "A Remembrance of Fires Past", Roy Thomas (w), E.R. Cruz (i).
  3. Issue 232, "Reflections of Evil", Roy Thomas (w), E.R. Cruz (i).
  4. Issue 233, "Here Be Monsters", Roy Thomas (w), Geof Isherwood (i).
  • Marvel Graphic Novels (1992).
  • Conan – The Ravagers Out of Time, Roy Thomas (w), Alfredo Alcala (i).
  • Conan the King (Marvel Comics) (1985).
    • Issue 28, "Call of the Wild."
  • Conan the Savage (Marvel Comics) (1996).
    • Issue 9, "City Under Siege", Chuck Dixon (w).
  • Sonja and Conan team-up in the crossover Conan/Red Sonja and again in Red Sonja/Conan.[30][31][32]

In other media[edit]


Sonja has been featured in several novels by David C. Smith and Richard L. Tierney with covers by Boris Vallejo:

  • #1 The Ring of Ikribu (Ace 1981) (Adapted to comics by Roy Thomas and Esteban Maroto in The Savage Sword of Conan issues 230–3). Smith has written an unproduced screenplay based on this novel.
  • #2 Demon Night (Ace 1982)
  • #3 When Hell Laughs (Ace 1982)
  • #4 Endithor's Daughter (Ace 1982)
  • #5 Against the Prince of Hell (Ace 1983)
  • #6 Star of Doom (Ace 1983)


Angelica Bridges portrayed the character in the "Red Sonja" episode of the 1997–1998 TV series Conan the Adventurer. In 1999, there was a planned TV series with Sable starring as Red Sonja.[33]

Film Adaptations[edit]

The character was played by Brigitte Nielsen in the 1985 film Red Sonja, which also starred Arnold Schwarzenegger as High Lord Kalidor (originally intended to be Conan). The film was directed by Richard Fleischer.

Misty Lee provided the character's voice in the 2016 animated film Red Sonja: Queen of Plagues.

Actress Rose McGowan was originally intended to portray Sonja in 2010's Red Sonja film, but these plans were abandoned after McGowan suffered injuries that permanently damaged the mobility and strength of her right arm.[34] In a February 2011 interview, film producer Avi Lerner stated that Simon West was hired to direct the film and also mentioned Amber Heard as the frontrunner to star in the lead role.[35] On February 26, 2015, Christopher Cosmos was hired to write the film's script.[36] Filmmaker Mike Le Han has made a video for his pitch of him directing Red Sonja.[37]

In 2017, Millennium Films announced a new Red Sonja movie, with Avi Lerner and Joe Gatta producing along with Cinelou FilmsMark Canton and Courtney Solomon and writing by Ashley Miller.[38][39] In October 2018, Bryan Singer was confirmed to direct the film.[40] In February 2019, following allegations against Singer of sexual assault, Millennium stated Red Sonja was no longer on their slate of films,[41] and Singer was fired from the production the next month.[42] On June 21, 2019, three months after Singer was removed as director, The Hollywood Reporter reported that Joey Soloway had been hired to write and direct the film.[43] On February 26, 2021, the same publication announced that Tasha Huo was selected to write the film.[44] On May 5, 2021, the same publication announced that Hannah John-Kamen was cast as the titular character.[45] On June 3, 2021, The Illuminerdi reported that Sacha Baron Cohen was cast as Kulan Gath, a character from the Conan the Barbarian Marvel comics and in the Red Sonja Dynamite comics.[46][47]

Role-playing games[edit]

Red Sonja is featured in the Dungeons & Dragons module Red Sonja Unconquered.


  • 1973 Academy of Comic Book Arts Awards: Best Individual Story (Dramatic). The Song of Red Sonja. Written by Roy Thomas and pencilled, inked and colored by Barry Smith. The story first appeared in Conan the Barbarian issue 24 (March 1972), where two panels were censored by John Romita, Sr. The uncensored story was reprinted in Marvel Treasury Edition, Volume 1, No. 15, 1977, where it was recolored by Glynis Wein and the artwork was slightly cropped to fit the page format.
  • Red Sonja publisher Dynamite Entertainment was awarded the title of "Best New Publisher" by Diamond Comics Distributors in 2005.

Legal issues[edit]

On June 6, 2006, the comic news site Newsarama reported that Red Sonja, LLC (which holds rights to the Roy Thomas version of the character, created in 1973)[48] filed a lawsuit on four counts against Paradox Entertainment (which claims rights to Red Sonya as part of the Howard library) in US Federal Court in April 2006. The four counts were claims of copyright infringement, trademark infringement, trademark dilution, and unfair competition.[49] The lawsuit was settled in January 2008, on the second day of the hearing, for a sum of $1 each. Red Sonja LLC paid $1 to Paradox for the rights to Howard's Red Sonya and permission for the Red Sonja stories to continue being set in Conan's Hyborian Age. Paradox simultaneously paid $1 to Red Sonja LLC for the exclusive print-publication rights for "The Shadow of the Vulture" now that one of the characters belongs to Red Sonja LLC.[50]


  1. ^ Marvel Team-Up #79. Marvel Comics
  2. ^ Spider-Man / Red Sonja #1-5. Marvel Comics
  3. ^ McMillan, Graeme (October 26, 2020). "Red Sonja to Become a Superhero in Upcoming Comic". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on October 27, 2020. Retrieved January 26, 2021.
  4. ^ Frankenhoff, Brent (2011). Comics Buyer's Guide Presents: 100 Sexiest Women in Comics. Krause Publications. p. 5. ISBN 978-1-4402-2988-6.
  5. ^ Afterword by Roy Thomas, in The Chronicles of Conan Volume 4: The Song of Red Sonja and Other Stories (Dark Horse, 2004)
  6. ^ Markstein, Don. "Red Sonja". Don Markstein's Toonopedia. Retrieved 2 April 2020.
  7. ^ Cassell, Dewey (April 2014). "Marvel Feature". Back Issue!. Raleigh, North Carolina: TwoMorrows Publishing (71): 18.
  8. ^ "History". Red Sonja. Retrieved 21 March 2018.
  9. ^ "Red Sonja Scavenger Hunt (1995) comic books". Retrieved July 7, 2021.
  10. ^ Reed, Brian. Red Sonja: Born Again. Dynamite Comics, 2010.
  11. ^ "ECCC 13: Gail Simone to Write New RED SONJA Ongoing Series". Comic Vine.
  12. ^ "ICv2: Gail Simone on Her New 'Red Sonja' Series". ICv2.
  13. ^ "Early Review: Gail Simone's RED SONJA #1". Comic Vine.
  14. ^ "A Fond Farewell to Gail Simone's Red Sonja". Lady Geek Girl and Friends. October 2015.
  15. ^ Arnone, Chris M. (October 9, 2015). "Vampirella, Red Sonja, and Dejah Thoris Redesigns and Relaunches". BOOK RIOT. Retrieved October 5, 2021.
  16. ^ "RED SONJA (2016)". Comic Book Round Up. June 2016. Archived from the original on July 13, 2016. Retrieved October 5, 2021.
  17. ^ Johnston, Rich (September 1, 2016). "Red Sonja Back In The Bikini Chainmail As Amy Chu Launches New Series With Carlos Gomez For December". Bleeding Cool. Archived from the original on September 2, 2016. Retrieved January 19, 2021.
  18. ^ "RED SONJA (2017)". Comic Book Round Up. Archived from the original on February 8, 2017. Retrieved January 19, 2021.
  19. ^ "Mark Russell's acclaimed Red Sonja run gets November 2019 release". AIPT Comics. August 29, 2019. Archived from the original on September 20, 2020. Retrieved January 19, 2021.
  20. ^ Stone, Sam (January 28, 2020). "Killing Red Sonja's Creative Team Is Ready to End the Icon". Archived from the original on January 29, 2020. Retrieved January 19, 2021.
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