|First appearance||(first version)|
Rawhide Kid #1 (March 1955) (second version)
Rawhide Kid #17 (August, 1960)
|Created by||(first version)|
Stan Lee (writer)
Bob Brown (artist)
West Coast Avengers
The Sensational Seven
The Rawhide Kid (real name: Johnny Bart, originally given as Johnny Clay) is a fictional Old West cowboy appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. A heroic gunfighter of the 19th-century American West who was unjustly wanted as an outlaw, he is one of Marvel's most prolific Western characters. He and other Marvel western heroes have on rare occasions guest-starred through time travel in such contemporary titles as The Avengers and West Coast Avengers. In two mature-audience miniseries, in 2003 and 2010, he is depicted as gay.
After a hiatus, the Rawhide Kid was revamped for what was now Marvel Comics by writer Stan Lee, penciler Jack Kirby and inker Dick Ayers. Continuing the Atlas numbering with issue #17 (Aug. 1960), the title now featured a diminutive yet confident, soft-spoken fast gun constantly underestimated by bullying toughs, varmints, owlhoots, polecats, crooked saloon owners and other archetypes squeezed through the prism of Lee and Kirby's anarchic imagination. As in the outsized, exuberantly exaggerated action of the later-to-come World War II series Sgt. Fury and His Howling Commandos, The Rawhide Kid was now a freewheeling romp of energetic, almost slapstick action across cattle ranches, horse troughs, corrals, canyons and swinging chandeliers. Stringently moral, the Kid nevertheless showed a gleeful pride in his shooting and his acrobatic fight skills â never picking arguments, but constantly forced to surprise lummoxes far bigger than he was.
Through retcon, bits of and pieces of the Atlas and Silver Age characters' history meshed, so that the unnamed infant son of settlers the Clay family, orphaned by a Cheyenne raid, was raised by Texas Ranger Ben Bart on a ranch near Rawhide, Texas. Older brother Frank Clay, captured by Native Americans, eventually escaped and became a gambler, while eldest brother Joe Clay became sheriff of the town of Willow Flats; neither were in the regular cast, and each died in a guest appearance. Shortly after Johnny's 18th birthday, Ben Bart was murdered; Johnny, an almost preternaturally fast and accurate gunman, wounded the killers and left them to be taken into custody. A later misunderstanding between the Kid and a sheriff over a cattle rustler that the Kid wounded in self-defense led to the hero's life as a fugitive.
Rawhide Kid's full name was revealed in issue # 60 in the Letter's Column as John Barton Clay. The Rawhide Kid ended publication with issue #151 (May 1979).
The Rawhide Kid reappeared in the four-issue miniseries Blaze of Glory (Feb.-March 2000; published biweekly), by writer John Ostrander and artist Leonardo Manco, and a 2002 four-issue sequel, Apache Skies, by the same creative team.
In contrast to the character's previously depicted appearance â a small-statured, clean-cut redhead â these latter two series depicted him with shoulder-length dark hair, and wearing a slightly less stylized, more historically appropriate outfit than his classic one.
A five-issue miniseries, Rawhide Kid (vol. 3) (AprilâJune 2003), titled "Slap Leather" was published biweekly by Marvel's mature-audience MAX imprint. Here, the character was depicted as homosexual, with a good portion of the dialogue dedicated to innuendo to this effect.
A sequel miniseries, The Rawhide Kid (vol. 4) (Aug.-Nov. 2010), rendered with a subtitle on covers as Rawhide Kid: The Sensational Seven, found the Kid and his posse (consisting of Kid Colt, Doc Holliday, Annie Oakley, Billy the Kid, Red Wolf and the Two-Gun Kid) track the villainous Cristo Pike after Pike and his gang kidnap Wyatt and Morgan Earp.
Fictional character biography
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (January 2018)
Johnny Clay was born in 1850 and orphaned as an infant, adopted by Ben Bart. In 1868 his "uncle" was murdered and he left the family ranch. In 1869 he became a wanted man. In 1870 he fought the Living Totem. In 1872 he captured the costumed Grizzly with the help of the Two-Gun Kid. He joined Kid Colt to defeat Iron Mask. In 1873 he met the Avengers  In 1874 he met Doc Holliday. In 1875, he helped the Black Panther with Kid Colt and the Two-Gun Kid. In 1876 the Rawhide Kid, Kid Colt and the Two-Gun Kid faced Red Raven, Iron Mask and the Living Totem with the help of the Avengers. In 1879 he met the Apache Kid. Subsequently, he became a performer for Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show where he remained until 1885. In 1897 he took an understudy under his tutelage.
When a meteorite landed on Earth-483, it emitted radiation that resurrected the Rawhide Kid's corpse and all of the corpses buried in the adjacent Boot Hill as "Romero-type" zombies. The Rawhide Kid and the other reanimated gunslingers invade a nearby town, and are destroyed by Hurricane.
During the Secret Wars storyline, the Rawhide Kid appears as a member of the Thor Corps whose jurisdiction is a Wild West-themed domain of Battleworld called the Valley of Doom. He arrested that region's version of Hank Pym for illegal possession of adamantium, which led to Pym being banished to the Ultron-infested domain called Perfection.
In other media
- The Rawhide Kid appears in Lego Marvel Super Heroes 2. In a bonus mission narrated by Gwenpool that takes place in the Old West section of Chronopolis, the Rawhide Kid and Red Wolf hear that their old enemy the Living Totem is back in town putting on a one-alien show in the local saloon. After disrupting the Living Totem's show, the Rawhide Kid and Red Wolf learn that the Living Totem was raising money to build a spaceship to get back to his planet. With everything that was going on in Chronopolis, the Rawhide Kid and Red Wolf suggest to the Living Totem to seek out the Guardians of the Galaxy and ask them for a ride.
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (September 2017)
- Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe A to Z #9. Marvel Comics. 2009. p. 12. ISBN 9780785131069.
- Markstein, Don. "The Rawhide Kid". Don Markstein's Toonopedia. Retrieved 2 April 2020.
- "Rawhide Kid (I) (1955â1979)". The Unofficial Handbook of Marvel Comics Creators. Archived from the original on 2017-10-26.
- Rawhide Kid, The (Marvel, 1960 Series) at the Grand Comics Database. "The" as per copyrighted title in postal indicia, no "The" on cover-logo trademark.
- Brevoort, Tom; DeFalco, Tom; Manning, Matthew K.; Sanderson, Peter; Wiacek, Win (2017). Marvel Year By Year: A Visual History. DK Publishing. p. 78. ISBN 978-1465455505.
- Rawhide Kid (II) (1985) at The Unofficial Handbook of Marvel Comics Creators
- Rawhide Kid (Marvel, 1985 Series) at the Grand Comics Database. "The" as per cover-logo trademark; no "The" in copyrighted title in postal indicia.
- Blaze of Glory at the Grand Comics Database
- Apache Skies at the Grand Comics Database
- Rawhide Kid (III) (2003) at The Unofficial Handbook of Marvel Comics Creators
- Rawhide Kid (Marvel, MAX imprint, 2003 Series) at the Grand Comics Database
- Brevoort, Tom; DeFalco, Tom; Manning, Matthew K.; Sanderson, Peter; Wiacek, Win (2017). Marvel Year By Year: A Visual History. DK Publishing. p. 60. ISBN 978-1465455505.
- The Rawhide Kid (IV) at the Unofficial Handbook of Marvel Comics Creators. "The" as per copyrighted title in postal indicia, no "The" on cover-logo trademark.
- Rawhide Kid, The (Marvel, 2010) covers at the Grand Comics Database
- McElhatton, Greg. Rawhide Kid: The Sensational Seven Comic Book Resources; June 11, 2010
- Rawhide Kid #17, 1960
- Rawhide Kid #22, 1961
- Rawhide Kid #40, 1964
- Kid Colt #121, 1965
- Avengers #142-143, 1975
- Black Panther #45-46
- Rawhide Kid #1-4, 1985
- Fred van Lente (w), Kano (p), Tom Palmer (i), Val Staples (col), Simon Bowland (let), Mark Paniccia and Michael Horwitz (ed). "The Dead and the Quick" Marvel Zombies 5, vol. 1, no. 1 (7 April 2010). United States: Marvel Comics.
- James Robinson (w), Steve Pugh and Paul Rivoche (p), Steve Pugh and Paul Rivoche (i), John Rauch and Jim Charalampidis (col), Clayton Cowles (let), Emily Shaw, Mark Paniccia and Chris Robinson (ed). Age of Ultron vs. Marvel Zombies, vol. 1, no. 4 (2 September 2015). United States: Marvel Comics.
- Lego Marvel Super Heroes characters at IGN
- Smith, Gary (20 August 2017). "15 Superheroes Marvel Wants You To Forget". CBR. Retrieved 2 September 2017.
- Marvel Directory: Rawhide Kid
- International Catalogue of Superheroes: Rawhide Kid
- A Guide to Marvel's Pre-FF #1 Heroes: Rawhide Kid[dead link]
- The Unofficial Handbook of Marvel Comics Creators
- CNN.com: "Marvel Comics to unveil gay gunslinger" Archived 2009-02-28 at the Wayback Machine
- Gay League Profile. Archived 2009-02-28 at the Wayback Machine